What is Marginal Standing Facility and Its Impact on Home Loan Balance Transfer - Loan Trivia


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Sunday 23 June 2024

What is Marginal Standing Facility and Its Impact on Home Loan Balance Transfer

Marginal Standing Facility

Marginal Standing Facility (MSF) is a tool used by central banks to steer the short-term interest rates. Borrowings from MSF constitute an integral part of the process of maintaining financial stability in the economy, thus impacting every sector, including home loans and their balance transfers.

What is Marginal Standing Facility (MSF)?

Essentially, MSF is a window for scheduled commercial banks to borrow from the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) in an emergency when inter-bank liquidity dries up. The rate at which banks borrow from the RBI through this facility is called the Marginal Standing Facility rate. It is determined by adding a margin of 1% points over the policy repo rate under the liquidity adjustment facility (LAF).

Impact on Home Loans

Home loan customers can feel the effect of changes in the Marginal Standing Facility in multiple ways. The primary impact is to the interest rates on loans and the equated monthly installments (EMIs) that customers need to service. When the MSF rate increases, banks often pass on the hike to customers, which results in higher home loan EMIs. On the other hand, a decrease in the MSF rate translates into lower EMIs.

Effect on Balance Transfer Decisions

The Marginal Standing Facility also impacts the decision to transfer a home loan balance. A lower MSF rate can lower the interest rates offered by other banks or financial institutions, thus making a home loan balance transfer a more attractive option. A balance transfer in such a scenario can help borrowers reduce their EMI burden and make significant savings.


In conclusion, understanding the concept of the Marginal Standing Facility and its effects on home loans is critical for borrowers. Keeping an eye on MSF rates can provide valuable cues on future interest rate movements, thereby helping players in the home loans market make well-informed decisions.

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