Exploring the Various Types of Home Loans Available - Loan Trivia


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Wednesday 5 June 2024

Exploring the Various Types of Home Loans Available

Owning a home is a dream for many, and securing the right home loan can be a crucial step in making this dream a reality. The Indian housing finance market offers a diverse range of home loan options to cater to the varying needs and circumstances of borrowers. 

Whether someone is a first-time homebuyer, looking to construct a new home, or seeking to renovate an existing property, there are different types of home loans tailored to their specific requirements. 

5 different types of home loans in India

Here are the 5 different kinds of home loans available in India: 

  1. Basic home loan: This is the most common type of home loan, designed for individuals looking to purchase a ready-to-move-in property. With a basic home loan, borrowers can finance the acquisition of a residential property, such as an apartment, villa, or independent house.

  2. Home construction loan:  If someone is planning to build a new home from scratch, a home construction loan is the ideal option. This type of loan provides financing for the purchase of land and covers the construction costs associated with building a new home.

  3. Home improvement loan: For those looking to renovate, repair, or extend their existing property, a home improvement loan can provide the necessary funds. This loan can be used for various purposes, such as adding an extra room, upgrading the kitchen, or enhancing the overall aesthetic appeal of a home.

  4. Home loan balance transfer:  If a borrower is already paying off an existing home loan but is looking for better interest rates or terms, a home loan balance transfer can be a viable solution. This option allows one to transfer their outstanding loan amount to a new lender from their current lender for accessing more favourable interest rates.

  5. Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY): Considered one of the best types of home loans available in the market, Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY) is a government-sponsored scheme that aims to provide affordable housing to economically weaker sections of society. Under this scheme, eligible individuals can obtain subsidised home loans with lower interest rates and attractive repayment terms.

Factors to consider when applying for different types of home loans

Following are some of the most crucial factors to consider when applying for different types of home loans in India:

  • CIBIL score: Borrowers with higher CIBIL scores are preferred by lenders as it indicates good credit history and lower risk.

  • Total loan amount: One must assess their financial capability to determine the maximum comfortable loan amount based on income, existing liabilities, and property value.

  • Interest rates: A borrower must choose between floating rates (market-linked and fluctuating) or fixed rates (constant throughout tenure) based on the financial situation and risk tolerance.

  • Equated Monthly Instalments (EMI): One should calculate an affordable EMI based on income and existing obligations, considering lenders' EMI-to-income ratio cap.

  • Repayment Tenors: Longer tenors result in lower EMIs but higher overall interest costs, while shorter tenors save on interest but have higher EMIs.

Many financial institutions offer pre-approved loans to their current borrowers, on products like home loans and property loans. These deals make it easier and quicker to get loan approvals. Existing customers can easily see if they qualify for these offers by entering their details on the lender's website. This saves time and makes it simple for borrowers to get more credit from their chosen financial institution.

Choosing the right home loan empowers borrowers to finance their dream home efficiently. By understanding the different types of home loans and carefully considering the relevant factors, borrowers can confidently embark on their homeownership journey. Remember to compare offers from various lenders and seek professional advice to make an informed decision.

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